Retinal vascular diseases can be triggered by medical conditions such as high blood pressure cardiovascular disorders diabetes bleeding clotting autoimmune disorders history of stroke and artherosclerosis or the thickening of blood vessels. Retinal vascular occlusion is a potentially serious condition especially if hardening of the arteries or atherosclerosis already exists it most often occurs in middle aged and older people. Retinal vascular diseases are conditions that can block or restrict the blood flow throughout the eye structuresretinal vascular diseases are common in people with high blood pressure diabetes and other factors that cause vascular disease in the body. Retinal anatomy the retina is a many layered structure from the inner vitreous surface to the choroid these are the internal limiting membrane nerve fibre layer ganglion cell layer inner plexiform layer inner nuclear layer outer plexiform layer outer nuclear layer external limiting membrane rod and cone inner and outer segments and a single layer of cells called the retinal . Retinal vascular disease affects the blood vessels in the eyes and can be related to other diseases that affect the vascular health throughout the body high blood pressure for example can weaken the blood vessels in the eyes because of the intense pressure
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