Carotid artery injuries caused by blunt trauma often cause thrombosis and delayed neurologic deficits and are associated with mortality rates of up to 40 in this series of 17 patients with blunt trauma of the carotid three had no symptoms ten patients had limb paresis and four had severe neuroligic deficits. The common carotid artery is contained in a sheath known as the carotid sheath which is derived from the deep cervical fascia and encloses also the internal jugular vein and vagus nerve the vein lying lateral to the artery and the nerve between the artery and vein on a plane posterior to both on opening the sheath each of these three . Carotid artery stenting a wire is moved through an artery in the leg up to the carotid artery and a small wire tube or stent is expanded inside a narrowing of the carotid artery carotid artery . Carotid artery pain stems from three known conditions two of which are related to cholesterol deposits when plaque blocks blood flow to the brain it causes carotid artery disease arteriosclerosis can also cause pain in the carotid artery when the walls of the arteries thicken or harden hindering the flow of oxygen rich blood to the brain and other vital organs. Carotid artery disease is caused by a buildup of plaques in arteries that deliver blood to your brain plaques are clumps of cholesterol calcium fibrous tissue and other cellular debris that gather at microscopic injury sites within the artery this process is called atherosclerosis
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